A synonym is a word or phrase that means nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language. Words that are synonyms are said to be synonymous, and the state of being a synonym is called synonymy.
Synonyms can be any part of speech such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs or prepositions, as long as both belong to the same part of speech.
Buy and purchase
Big and large
Quickly and speedily
On and upon
Note that synonyms are defined with respect to certain senses of words; He expired means the same as he died, yet my passport has expired cannot be replaced by my passport has died!
Learn to replace with care.
Fix the dangling modifiers
Modifiers describe a word or make its meaning more specific. A dangling modifier is a modifier that has nothing to modify.
Example: “Rotting in the refrigerator, our office manager threw the fruit in the garbage.” The correct version should be, “Our office manager threw the fruit, rotting in the refrigerator, in the garbage.”
Make sure to place the modifying clause right next to the word or phrase it intends to describe.
Common Grammatical Errors to Avoid
- i.e. vs. e.g.
- Me, Myself, And I
- Who and Whom
- “It’s vs. “Its”
- May and Might
- Which and That
- Assure vs. Ensure vs Insure
- Further vs. Farther
- Affect and Effect
- Your vs. You’re
Parts of Speech
|#||Parts of Speech||What is it?||Example|
|1||Noun||name, place, thing, idea – dog, cat, music, Ramesh, Chennai, startup||The sun shines, Raghav goes to school|
|2||Article||Signal that a noun is going to follow – the, a, an||An Elephant, The umbrella|
|3||Pronoun||Replaces the noun – he, she, I, its, my, them, whom, who, us, you||Radha is sick. She will not go to school|
|4||Adjective||Modifies a noun or pronoun – smart, old, poor, interesting, hungry, good, big||Good dog, hungry lion|
|5||Verb||Expresses action or a state of being – running, laughed, writing, walk||Radha and Raghav are playing|
|6||Adverb||Modifies the verb, adjective or another adverb – badly, fully, nearly, very, almost||Speaks very softly|
|7||Conjunction||Join or connect words – For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so||I liked the review so I watched the movie|
|8||Interjection||Emotional states – Oh!, wow!, Ouch! Oops! Hey!||Oops! the projector is not working|
|9||Preposition||Connects a noun or pronoun to another word – About, after, before, to, at, by, on||I will watch the cricket match after I finish my homework|
For lesson (9) – click here
For lesson (8) – click here